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PostSubject: about Pakistan   Tue Jun 11, 2013 6:08 pm

Islamic Republic of Pakistan


اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاکستان


Islāmī Jumhūrī-ye Pākistān.
Flag

State Emblem

Motto: Faith, Unity, Discipline
(Urdu: ایمان، اتحاد، تنظیم )

Iman, Ittehad, Tanzeem


Anthem: Qaumī Tarāna

Area constituting Pakistan in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled territory in light green
Capital Islamabad
33°40′N 73°10′E
Karachi Largest city
Official language(s) Urdu
English ( Pakistani )
Recognised regional languages Balochi , Pashto , Punjabi , Saraiki , Sindhi [ 2 ]
Demonym Pakistani
Government Federal Parliamentary republic
- President Asif Zardari ( PPP )
- Prime Minister Yousaf Gillani ( PPP )
- Chief Justice Iftikhar Chaudhry
- Chair of Senate Farooq Naek ( PPP )
- House Speaker Fahmida Mirza ( PPP )
Legislature Majlis-e-Shoora
- Senate Upper house
- Lower house National Assembly
Formation
- 29 December 1930 Conception of Pakistan
- 28 January 1933 Pakistan Declaration
- 23 March 1940 Pakistan Resolution
- Independence from the United Kingdom
- Declared 14 August 1947
- 23 March 1956 Islamic Republic
Area
- Total 796,095 km 2 ( 36th )
307,374 sq mi
- 3.1 Water ( green smily
Population
- 2011 estimate 177,100,000 [ 3 ] ( 6th )
- 1998 census 132,352,279 [ 4 ]
- Density 214.3/km 2 ( 55th )
555/sq mi
GDP ( PPP ) 2011 estimate
- Total $482.913 billion [ 5 ]
- Per capita $2,851 [ 5 ]
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
- Total $202.831 billion [ 5 ]
- Per capita $1,197 [ 5 ]
Gini (2005) 31.2 ( medium )
HDI (2011) 0.504 [ 6 ] ( low ) ( 145th )
Currency Pakistani Rupee (Rs.) ( PKR )
Time zone PST ( UTC +5)
- PDT ( UTC +6) Summer ( DST )
left [ 7 ] Drives on the
PK ISO 3166 code
.pk Internet TLD
92 Calling code.


Pakistan ( i / ˈ p æ k ɨ s t æ n / or i / p ɑː k i ˈ s t ɑː n / ; Urdu : پاکستان ) ( Urdu pronunciation: [paːkɪˈst̪aːn] ( listen ) ), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan ( Urdu : اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاکستان ) is a sovereign country in South Asia . Bounded by a 1,046-kilometre (650 mi) coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south, it is bordered by India in the east, Afghanistan in the west and north, Iran in the southwest and China in the far northeast, while Tajikistan is separated by the narrow Wakhan Corridor in the north. In addition, Oman is also located in maritime vicinity and shares a marine border with Pakistan. Strategically, Pakistan is situated at the crossroads of the important regions of South Asia, Central Asia and the Middle East .
The region forming modern Pakistan was the site of several ancient cultures including the neolithic Mehrgarh and the bronze era Indus Valley Civilisation . Subsequently it was the recipient of Hindu , Persian , Indo-Greek , Islamic , Turco-Mongol , Afghan and Sikh cultures through several invasions and/or settlements. As a result, the area has remained a part of numerous empires and dynasties including the Indian empires , Persian empires , Arab caliphates , Mongol , Mughal , Durrani Empire , Sikh and British Empire . Pakistan gained independence from the British Empire in 1947, after a struggle for independence led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah that sought the partition of British India and the establishment of a new independent state for the Muslims from the Muslim majority, eastern and western, regions of India. Initially a dominion , with the adoption of new constitution in 1956 Pakistan became an Islamic republic . In 1971, an armed conflict in East Pakistan resulted in secession of East Pakistan as Bangladesh .
Pakistan is a federal parliamentary republic consisting of four provinces and four federal territories . With a population exceeding 170 million people , it is the sixth most populous country in the world and has the second largest Muslim population after Indonesia . It is an ethnically and linguistically diverse country, with a similar variation in its geography and wildlife . Its semi-industrialized economy is the 27th largest in the world in terms of purchasing power. Since gaining independence, Pakistan's history has been characterised by periods of military rule , political instability and conflicts with neighbouring India . The country continues to face challenging problems including terrorism , poverty , illiteracy and corruption .
A regional and middle power , [ 8 ] [ 9 ] Pakistan has the seventh largest standing armed forces in the world and is a declared nuclear weapons state , being the first and only nation to have that status in the Muslim world , and the second in South Asia. It is designated as a major non-NATO ally of the United States and a strategic ally of China. Pakistan is a founding member of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (now the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation ) and is a member of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations and the G20 developing nations .
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PostSubject: Re: about Pakistan   Wed Jun 12, 2013 6:06 am

Great Love u Pakistan heart nd also Proud to be Pakistani good
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